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Semnopithecus vetulus vetulus
Southern Purple-faced Leaf Langur

Habitat destruction due to deforestation, expanding tea plantations, and urbanization are major threats to the species. Hunting for meat and furfor making drums at village level has also been recorded. In some casesthey are shot dead when they enter home gardens and or cultivated areas (Nekaris &Wijeyeratne, 2009). Electrocution is a major threat to the smaller troops trappedin small pocketsof forests in urban areas.Un-organized translocation schemes of Langur groups coming into conflict with humans pose a threat to taxon survival and overall biodiversity.

Semnopithecus vetulus monticola
The Highland Purple-faced Leaf Langur, Shaggy Bear Monkey

It was hunted and killed for its flesh and skinto make rugs and furs in early 1930s (Phillips, 1935).Presently, its habitats are under threat due to expansion of mountain vegetable cultivation and human settlements. When it enterscultivated lands near the forest edges it can become the victim of farmers or dogs (Goonatilake, Per. Observation).

Semnopithecus vetulus nestor
Western Purple-faced Leaf Langur

Due to urbanization, habitat loss is the major threat to this species. Other major threats are electrocution,dogand human killings when they enter cultivated lands or have to travel across open areasas observed byNekaris andWijeyeratne (2009). Local extinctionshave been observed within its range (Goonatilake per obser.).

Semnopithecus vetulus philbricki
The Northern-eastern purple-faced leaf Langur

The major threat to the species is habitat loss due to expanding human settlements, shifting cultivation, and large-scale land clearance for agriculture and deforestation. Hunting is also recorded for its meat and skin at local village level.Its skin used to prepare drums (Phillips, 1935; WCSG, 2010; Goonatilake Per. Observation).





Shrinking of lowland rain forest due to tea plantation



Shrinking of lowland rain forest due to tea plantation



Rubber and Oil palm plantations also has an effect on the habitats of Southern purple-faced leaf monkey



Rubber and Oil palm plantations also has an effect on the habitats of Southern purple-faced leaf monkey



Rubber and Oil palm plantations also has an effect on the habitats of Southern purple-faced leaf monkey



The Proposed Southern highway will create a long barrier purple-faced leaf monkey



Purple-faced leaf monkey crossing roads by using electrical wires.



Purple-faced leaf monkey crossing roads by using electrical wires.



Purple-faced leaf langur invading home gardens will make them



Purple-faced leaf langurs damaging coconut cultivation. These activities will lead to human monkey conflicts.



Purple-faced leaf Langurs jumping over vehicles.



Juvenile Purple-faced leaf Langurs sometimes kept as pets



Juvenile Purple-faced leaf Langurs sometimes kept as pets



In rare occasions wild Purple-faced leaf langurs will get use to temple feeding



In rare occasions wild Purple-faced leaf langurs will get use to feeding



Eletrocution injury. Purple-faced leaf monkey